HEPATITIS B : CAUSES, SYMPTOM, PREVENTION

Hepatitis B : Causes, Symptom, Prevention

Introduction:-

Hepatitis B Is dirt particularly caused by a virus named Hepatitis B Virus. It is also called as HBV in short form. There are 5 types of Hepatitis B virus named Hepatitis A, B, C, and D & E respectively. And among them, Hepatitis B and C are mostly chronic. Its virus may be acute or enduring.It is a main worldwide health problem. It is a DNA virus which incorporates into the genes of an individual person.

Causes:-

It is extremely contagious. It spreads throughout contact with infected person’s blood and definite other fluids of the body such as semen. As the virus of Hepatitis B found in Saliva but it does not spread through kissing, hugging, breastfeeding, coughing, sneezing, shaking hands, water and breastfeeding.

This disease can be transmitted from one person to another through the following methods:-

  • If somebody direct gets a contact with the blood of the infected person.
  • If you are doing vaginal, anal and oral sex.
  • If you are piercing with a contaminated and filthy needle.
  • If you are using a razor or any other items with offcuts of infected persons fluid or blood.
  • If you are getting an intimate and close contact with a person having Hepatitis B Virus.

Acute Hepatitis is normal disease while Chronic Hepatitis is the dangerous one. If you have acute hepatitis B in your blood for years and you are not taking any medicines or care for that then the infection will become chronic hepatitis and remains for lifelong.

The Hepatitis B Virus can persist outside of the body for the minimum duration of 7 days. Throughout that time, the virus can cause contamination with an unvaccinated person.

Risk Factors:-

There are some risk factors described below:

  • Most healthcare workers are at a high risk because daily they are getting contact with infected persons. It acts as an occupational death trap in health workers.
  • People who are using IV drugs.
  • People who are traveling to Hepatitis B Virus infected countries.
  • Those who are having sex with a no. of persons.
  • Those who have a chronic and protracted liver disease.
  • Those who have kidney diseases.
  • People who have diabetes and are of above 60 ages.
  • Haemodialysis patients who require blood maximum time.

Symptoms:-

The followings are the symptoms:-

Ø  Acute hepatitis B origins symptoms to appear rapidly in the adults. Hepatitis B infections in infants become chronic. In Chronic Hepatitis B symptoms are not noticeable till the complications develop.

Ø  Hepatitis B symptoms may not be appearing for the first three months after the experienced, and it can last for 15 days to 3 months.

Ø  For most of the people, Hepatitis B is a short term ailment which does not cause any permanent harm. But in some other case, it acts like a long lasting infection which may possibly lead to the disease liver cancer.

Ø  It can cause following symptoms up to 5- 6 months while present in one’s body.

  • Vomiting,
  • Abdominal discomposure
  • Dark urine
  • Nausea
  • muscle pain
  • jaundice
  • exhaustion
  • weakness
  • joint pain
  • Fever etc.

Treatments:-

  • This is a very dangerous disease. There requires compassionate care. People having Chronic Hepatitis B Virus need medical assessment and liver ultrasound in every 6 months to observe the damage of liver or fading of the disease.
  • Normally Acute Hepatitis does not need such viral treatment. Most of the people in this type of disease recover soon with just a normal rest or hydration.
  • But in the case of Chronic Hepatitis, there are antiviral medicines are needed which may help to reduce the possibility of imminent liver problems.
  • If you have a severe Hepatitis B which probably spoiled your liver, then you may be in need of a liver transplant. A liver transplant meant your spoiled liver will be replaced by any others liver.

Prevention:-

  • The contamination of Hepatitis B Virus can be prohibited by chronic infection and immunization and can be positively treated with antiviral medicines.
  • Vaccination is required earlier to prevent this infection. The vaccine has 3 stages. The first dose is given and after the duration of one month, second dose is given then after the duration of 6 months the last dose is given.
  • It’s highly recommended for the non-infected people that don’t use the personal hygiene things of infected person.
  • Do not try to make sexual relationship with the Hepatitis B infected person.
  • Take care while taking injections, piercing your body parts, sharing needles etc.
  • Avoid traveling those places which are highly Hepatitis B infected area.
  • Avoid usage of the drug.

Conclusion:-

Finally, it’s a virus infected disease. It is mostly seen in infants.so it’s better to give a vaccine to the new born baby to prevent this disease.

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