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What is Haemophilia : Sign and Symptoms

If you see these signs and Haemophilia symptoms, meet a doctor today!

Haemophilia is a condition in which your blood cannot clot properly in response to an injury. Contrary to conventional belief, having haemophilia doesn’t mean that you would bleed to death in case of some minor cut instead the bleeding would last longer as compared to other people due to the absence of clotting factors. Haemophilia is a genetic disease which could be passed on to the new born from their parents with majority population being boys. Moreover, in most of the cases internal bleeding of muscles or joints in more prominent rather than external bleeding.It is important to understand the general and emergency signs of haemophilia so that in case you see any of them, rush to a doctor so that treatment at an early stage may begin.

9 symptoms that may be the Warning Sign:

There is no permanent cure for this deadly disease yet, but diagnosis at an early stage may help in easing the treatment and ability to survive longer. Have a look on some of the haemophilia symptoms:

Excess Bleeding From Nose:

The main initial sign of Haemophilia is excessive incessant nose bleeding without any particular reason. Some infants during their birth show these sign which makes the diagnosis at a very early stage. In adults, it is important to detect the visible signs and take action accordingly.

Frequent bleeding of joints and muscles:

Bleeding during an injury is a common scenario but persistent excessive bleeding that lasts for a long time could be a sign of concern. Frequent bleeding of joints and muscles due to minor injury is the most common symptom of haemophilia. In the case of people suffering from haemophilia, bleeding could turn into a worse condition in no time at all.

Bleeding Gums:

Bleeding Gums are often the first indication of haemophilia in most of the patients. You would spot inflamed gums in regular intervals of time which would not have shown any particular reason. It is important to maintain good oral hygiene to prevent gum bleeding especially for haemophilia patients. So next time you have bleeding gums, it is better to consult a health care doctor rather than finding a home based solution.

The constant presence of deep cuts or bruises:

There are two types of bruises: one those are present at the surface of the skin, and the other is deeper bruises that can form a lump and needs treatment as soon as possible. Haemophilia patients show the constant presence of deep cuts, rashes or bruises on their skin which is due to the absence of clotting factors in their blood which declines the recovery.

Painful swelling after an injury:

The swelling may be spontaneous after a person has got a surgery or an injury. The person would feel enormous pain from the swelling and the region around it. Such swelling is most often due to haemophilia. If a patient experiences such painful swelling it is better to consult a doctor than to ignore the situation.

Consistent Joint Pain:

Constant pain in joint, a feeling of bubbling or tingling in the joint or reluctance in using a joint for movement is often subjected to the presence of an internal injury of any kind. Repeated bleeding of joint or pain if left uncured may lead to arthritis and make your joint harder to move. You must know in case of such internal injury; there would be no visible bruising or skin discolouration of any kind.

Blood in Urine or Stools:

Some patients suffering from haemophilia often experience blood in their urine or stool. This condition is referred to as hematuria. When a person suffers blood in urine/stool, it could be a possible sign of haemophilia which needs emergency care and diagnosis.

A painful headache or head bleeds:

Head bleeds may not be obvious to comprehend; instead, you may notice a visible bump or bruise in a swelling condition. It may be because of internal leaking of blood vessels due to haemophilia. The symptoms may take time to develop but must be interpreted as soon as possible for starting treatment as soon as possible. In the absence of a visible bump, a patient may complain of consistent painful headaches which don’t get cured with pain killers.

Double vision with or without a head injury

In case of a person suffering from haemophilia, it is likely for him to experience double vision and difficulty in maintaining the body balance or walking properly. The memory, intellectual and other cognitive abilities may seem to have affected without any head injury or accident. In severe cases, convulsions or seizures may indicate the presence of internal bleeding due to haemophilia.

The Bottom-Line

If the symptoms and signs are recognized at an early stage, the treatment may improve your quality of life and medical opportunities. If your child bruises easily and quite often, it is imperative for you to consult a doctor. Moreover, in pregnancy, if you have a concerned family history of haemophilia, talk to your doctor beforehand.

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